Poultry Genomics provides a platform upon which stakeholders will develop complementary projects to address the challenges of increasing the productivity of village poultry; improving both financial and nutritional security for the poorest poultry keepers, particularly women.
Novel Approach to Study Tropical Adaptation in African Poultry
Indigenous livestock populations that show unique adaptation to their local agro-climatic conditions are often referred to as ecotypes. These ecotypes, particularly those from tropical environmental conditions, are valuable resources. Characterisation of these ecotypes, and identification of the environmental and genetic drivers of local adaptation plays a crucial role in the preservation of important genetic stocks and the future of poultry farming in the tropics.
CTLGH scientists have applied a novel approach by integrating ecological niche modelling with genomics to identify distinct ecotypes and to help unravel the genetic basis of their adaptation. Pilot application of this approach on indigenous poultry in Ethiopia has identified a number of potential ecotypes.
For more info contact Almas Gheyas
African Poultry Genomics: Unlocking the Potential for Improved Production
It has been consistently observed that indigenous poultry breeds in Africa tend to be more resilient to disease and environmental stresses such as high temperatures, compared to Western commercial breeds. However these tropically adapted poultry breeds show lower production traits, for example growth and egg laying.
CTLGH researchers and collaborators have established the largest tropical poultry genomic resource in the world, through the generation of over 580 full genomes representing 60 different indigenous African poultry populations. Robust data analysis strategies have now begun to help identify key regions, genes and variants within the genomes to underpin tropical adaptation, resilience and productivity.
Research at the interphase of poultry genetics, nutrition and health are being conducted at facilities in the UK and Ethiopia in order to identify the main constraints to poultry productivity
For more info contact Jacqueline Smith